In primary school, as well as the years or grades, the children are split up into two major age categories: infants and juniors. The infant years are upto the age of seven or eight, which includes year one, year two, and year three.
In the infant years of primary school, the main subjects that are focused on are usually language, math, history, geography, science, art, physical education, and religious education, with some variants depending on the school. These subjects are a way to explore and nurture all aspects of a child’s learning from creativity, to logical thinking, and physical activity.
Popular since the 90s, a basic slogan in primary school learning has been the ‘Three Rs’. This loosely stands for Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic. While other subjects such as art, history, and geography are taught, the Three Rs are of the most importance, enabling children to have a more solid grip on an important foundation in life skills.
For example, reading is highly encouraged outside of the classroom and at home. Often, a day of learning ends with story time on the carpet, where children listen to a story and begin to react with its happenings. Some children are asked to get up and practice reading some of it. Playtime can revolve around reading books, and the children are equipped with book bags to take home books from the classroom library and practice at home with parents. They then mark down their progress in a homework diary. This encourages reading outside of the classroom for children.
Arithmetic is also encouraged. Playtime may include counting blocks or legos, where numbers and counting are used. For lots of activities, the teacher will encourage everybody to count along or add together.
Writing can be made more fun by the use of classroom tools like whiteboards or interactive mediums. In well funded schools, children may have their own personal board that they can write or draw on, and hold up their answers. This encourages them to get practicing on their own, without the embarrassment of doing it in front of the whole class.
Infant learning in primary school is still very basic. Although learning is split up into the subjects mentioned above, the focus is usually centered around having fun, so that school is something they look forward to as they learn.